Fund Types Tailored to Your Client’s Giving Goals


A senior couple walks with bikes through fall foliage.Just as every client has a unique estate plan and financial plan to meet their particular situation and goals, every philanthropic client needs a unique charitable giving plan. For example, for some clients, giving shares of highly appreciated stock consistently every year to their fund at the Community Foundation makes the most sense for their charitable goals and their mix of assets. For other clients, leaving a bequest to the Community Foundation to support specific areas of interest is the best fit for the client’s financial situation and community priorities.

The Community Foundation of Frederick County offers charitable giving vehicles to meet a wide range of clients’ needs. In many cases, a single client can benefit from setting up multiple funds of different types.

Here’s a quick primer on a few of the most popular fund types.

Unrestricted Fund

The Community Foundation has its finger on the pulse of the community’s most pressing issues. An unrestricted fund gives your client the opportunity to support community needs that can’t be identified until the future. One of the biggest benefits of a Community Foundation is its perpetual structure that allows clients and their families to offer support to nonprofits that evolves over time as priorities in the region shift.

Field of Interest Fund

Clients who want to target their giving to specific areas of community need (such as education, health, environment, or the arts) can set up a field of interest fund to establish parameters for grant making under the ongoing guidance and expertise of the Community Foundation’s staff.

Designated Fund

A designated fund allows a client to direct giving to a specific nonprofit cy or group of nonprofits.  If the nonprofit ceases to exist, then your client’s successor language comes into effect.

Agency Fund

An agency fund is similar to a designated fund, except in the case of an agency fund, the source of the initial contribution is the beneficiary nonprofit organization itself, not an individual, family, business, or civic group, as is the case with a designated fund. If your client serves on boards of directors of charities, they’d likely be interested in learning more about agency funds. Indeed, if you represent nonprofit organizations and their board members in your practice, it’s helpful to keep in mind that organizations frequently establish agency funds at the Community Foundation to set aside endowment reserves or rainy day funds. The team at the Community Foundation is adept at navigating the specific accounting standards that are unique to this type of arrangement.

Donor Advised Fund

A donor advised fund enables your client to establish a specific account for charitable giving. Your client makes tax deductible contributions of cash (or, ideally, stock or other highly appreciated assets) to the fund, and then recommends grants to favorite charities.

Here’s a pro tip: If you represent clients who are age 70 ½ and older, consider recommending a Qualified Charitable Distribution from a client’s IRA to a fund at the Community Foundation. All of the fund types noted above are eligible recipients, with the exception of the donor advised fund.

We look forward to working together to discover the type of fund, or funds at the Community Foundation that could be a good fit for each client’s unique charitable giving needs. Learn more at

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